Soap and disinfection
The bacteria form a biofilm on surfaces in order to protect themselves. The film consists of dirt from the pen environment and cannot be dissolved and removed by water alone. Soap does not kill bacteria, but does dissolve and remove the biofilm allowing disinfectant to do its job against bacteria, which means both products have to be used in a subsequent combination.
Bacteria can thrive particularly well under mats and other places that are warm and damp. It’s therefore very important to lift and remove all mats. There are often mats in the holes of farrowing houses/sections, and there can also be weight relief mats under the sow. If they're not lifted and removed, there is a major risk of bacteria multiplying, which can lead to increased frequency of diarrhoea, umbilical hernia and arthritis in weaners.
The use of soap and disinfection can give a better health status and increase in production, but it requires a correct usage of these substances according to their direction of use. If the products are used incorrectly, disinfectant failure is often seen. We recommend an expertise guidance in the choice and use of soap and disinfectants to avoid it rapidly becoming an expensive experience.
Washing and cleaning:
- Soaking for 6-12 hours makes the job easier
- Use the soap after an initial wash and leave it to soak for 15-30 min
- Rinse soap off thoroughly before it dries. Leave no visible dirt behind
- Empty all cribs and remove all the left feed from troughs and feeding system.
Disinfection and drying out:
- Apply a suitable disinfectant to damp - but not wet - surfaces
- Start drying out immediately after disinfection
- Set room temp. to the target temperature
Drying out is probably the best way to kill bacteria! So use a heat blower to dry pens out completely. Getting the level of humidity down is at least as important as a high temperature.
Remember to wash and disinfect the water system between each new occupancy. Medicine in the water and high temperatures in the stables is creating a good environment for the forming of a biofilm inside the water pipes, providing ideal conditions for bacteria.